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RWB puts ten faces to its #Fightimpunity campaign

first_img Reporters Without Borders is highlighting ten emblematic cases of impunity as part of its #FightImpunity campaign for the first International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists. The aim is to involve the general public and step up pressure on governments to bring those responsible for these crimes to justice. Organisation Related documents rsf__fightimpunity_ru-2.pdfPDF – 86.18 KB Campaigns October 30, 2014 – Updated on January 25, 2016 RWB puts ten faces to its #Fightimpunity campaigncenter_img Читать по-русски / Read in RussianWhen the UN General Assembly created International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists on 13 December 2013, it designated 2 November, the anniversary of the murder of the two Radio France Internationale journalists, Ghislaine Dupont and Claude Verlon in Kidal, Mali, in 2013.Reporters Without Borders has chosen these 10 cases to put names and faces to the tragic statistics and to show the scale and different forms that impunity can take. The resources deployed by authorities to solve these and many other cases have been either non-existent or hopelessly inadequate. More than 90 percent of crimes against journalists are never solved and therefore never punished.These ten impunity cases are presented on a specially created website, http://fightimpunity.org/en. Some of the victims disappeared, such Mexican crime reporter María Esther Aguilar Cansimbe, Abidjan-based French journalist Guy-André Kieffer, Iranian newspaper editor Pirouz Davani and Sri Lankan political analyst and cartoonist Prageeth Eknaligoda. Some were murdered such as Pakistani reporter Syed Saleem Shahzad, the young Serbian journalist Dada Vujasinovic, the Beirut-based columnist Samir Kassir and the Dagestani journalist Akhmednabi Akhmednabiyev, who was gunned down in 2013.Dawit Isaak, a journalist with Swedish and Eritrean dual nationality, has been held incommunicado in Eritrean President Issayas Aferworki’s hellish prison camps for the past 13 years, while police officers tortured Bahraini reporter Nazeeha Saeed for covering pro-democracy demonstrations.“We must never abandon journalists who are the victims of crimes, not even posthumously,” Reporters Without Borders secretary-general Christophe Deloire said. “The ten impunity cases we are presenting are shocking examples of incompetence or wilful inaction by officials who should be punishing despicable crimes against those who have tried to describe reality as it is.“Such a level of impunity just encourages those who commit these abuses. International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists is an occasion for paying tribute to the victims, reminding governments of their obligation to protect journalists and combat impunity, and reminding those who target journalists that one day they will be held to account for their actions.”Whether killed execution-style, blown-up by a bomb, tortured to death or disappeared, these journalists paid the price for their commitment to freedom of information. They were targeted for investigating corruption or drug trafficking, for criticizing the government or intelligence agencies or for drawing attention to human rights violations. Some of the cases have become emblematic, others are less well known.Those responsible were many and varied, and include governments, armed groups and hit-men. RWB blames the shortcomings of police and justice systems for the failures to solve these cases or to convict the perpetrators and instigators.Around 800 journalists have been killed in connection with their work in the past decade. The deadliest year was 2012, with 88 journalists killed. The number of killed fell slightly in 2013 but the figures for physical attacks and threats against journalists continued to rise. At total of 56 journalists have been killed since the start of 2014.RWB’s recommendationsTo combat impunity, Reporters Without Borders is calling for the creation of the position of special adviser to the UN secretary-general on the safety of journalists. Creating such a post at the heart of the UN system would enable monitoring and verification of states’ compliance with their obligations under UN Security Council Resolution 1738 and the General Assembly resolution of 18 December 2013.Adopted on 23 December 2006, Resolution 1738 reminds states of their “obligations under international law to end impunity.” The resolution passed by the UN General Assembly on 18 December 2013 calls on states to conduct “impartial, speedy and effective investigations into all alleged violence against journalists (…) to bring the perpetrators of such crimes to justice and ensure that victims have access to appropriate remedies.”A resolution adopted by the UN Human Rights Council on 19 September called in similar terms for an end to impunity. A proper international monitoring and verification mechanism is needed so that all these resolutions can be implemented.RWB is also calling for an amendment to article 8 of the International Criminal Court’s statute so that deliberate attacks on journalists, media workers and associated personnel are defined as war crimes. As a member of the French coalition of the ICC, it is urging states to pass legislation allowing them, under the principle of universal jurisdiction, to prosecute those in their territory who committed grave crimes in another country.The European Court of Human Rights and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights have ruled that respect for freedom of information not only requires states to abstain from arbitrarily interfering in the use of the right to information but also requires them to protect journalists and prosecute those who target them.RWB calls on states to implement these provisions by conducting immediate, effective and independent investigations into attacks against journalists and prosecuting those responsible. The authorities that conduct these investigations must be able to resist any political, diplomatic or technical pressure or obstacles they may encounter. In some ongoing cases, RWB has seen how the threat of ending a judicial investigation represents a victory for impunity. Help by sharing this information RSF_en last_img read more

Will Trial In NDPS Cases Be Vitiated If Investigation Officer Is The Complainant Himself?: SC Constitution Bench Judgment On Monday

first_imgTop StoriesWill Trial In NDPS Cases Be Vitiated If Investigation Officer Is The Complainant Himself?: SC Constitution Bench Judgment On Monday LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK29 Aug 2020 9:02 AMShare This – xThe Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court on Monday will deliver its judgment in a reference on the issue whether the trial of cases under Narcotic Drugs & Psychotropic Substances Act will be vitiated if the informant and the investigating officer is the same person. The cases are listed at 10.30 am on 31st August before the five judges bench comprising Justices Arun Mishra,…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court on Monday will deliver its judgment in a reference on the issue whether the trial of cases under Narcotic Drugs & Psychotropic Substances Act will be vitiated if the informant and the investigating officer is the same person. The cases are listed at 10.30 am on 31st August before the five judges bench comprising Justices Arun Mishra, Indira Banerjee, Vineet Saran, M R Shah and S. Ravindra Bhat. The judgment is authored by Justice MR Shah.In Mohanlal v State of Punjab , it was held by a three judge bench that the trial of cases under NDPS Act will be vitiated if the informant and the investigating officer is the same person. “It is therefore held that a fair investigation, which is but the very foundation of fair trial, necessarily postulates that the informant and the investigator must not be the same person. Justice must not only be done, but must appear to be done also. Any possibility of bias or a predetermined conclusion has to be excluded. This requirement is all the more imperative in laws carrying a reverse burden of proof.”, it was held in the said judgment. The correctness of this view was doubted in Mukesh Singh v State by a two judges bench comprising of Justices U U Lalit and M R Shah saying that the issue has to be decided on case to case basis and that there cannot be blanket rule that trial will be vitiated in all such cases where informant and the investigating officer are the same. “In a given case, where the complainant himself had conducted investigation, such aspect of the matter can certainly be given due weightage while assessing the evidence on record but it would be completely a different thing to say that the trial itself would be vitiated for such infraction”, observed the bench headed by Justice Lalit while referring it to larger bench.Later a three judge bench comprising CJI Gogoi, Justices Navin Sinha and K M Joseph clarified in Varinder Kumar v State of Himachal Pradesh that the benefit of Mohanlal decision will not be available to trials and appeals pending as on the date of that decision.  Next Storylast_img read more

Governor Wolf Joins Eight Bipartisan Governors in Support of Pre-Existing Conditions

first_img June 18, 2018 Healthcare,  Human Services,  Medicaid Expansion,  National Issues,  Press Release,  Public Health Harrisburg, PA – Governor Wolf today joined a bipartisan group of governors to issue the following statement in response to proposed changes in health care policy for those with pre-existing conditions:“Everyone in this country deserves access to affordable, quality health insurance. The Administration’s disappointing decision to no longer defend this provision of federal law threatens health care coverage for many in our states with pre-existing conditions and adds uncertainty and higher costs for Americans who purchase their own health insurance.“Helping our neighbors get health insurance even though they have a pre-existing condition is something Americans support and the Administration’s action will hurt families in our states. This is not right. We’re asking the Administration to reverse their decision and instead work with Congress and Governors on bipartisan solutions to protect coverage and lower health care costs for all Americans, all while protecting those with preexisting conditions.”The eight other governors who joined this statement includes:John R. Kasich, Governor of OhioJohn W. Hickenlooper, Governor of ColoradoBill Walker, Governor of AlaskaBrian Sandoval, Governor of NevadaRoy Cooper, Governor of North CarolinaSteve Bullock, Governor of MontanaJay Inslee, Governor of WashingtonLarry Hogan, Governor of MarylandStatement from Governor Wolf: “I am proud to continue working across the aisle with other governors to present a path forward for our health care system that protects consumers, creates more choice and lowers the cost of insurance and care. It is beyond time for Washington to stop trying to strip health care access and protections from vulnerable Americans and get to work on the bipartisan solutions laid out by governors and other health care advocates to stabilize the market and help consumers, hospitals and health professionals.” SHARE Email Facebook Twittercenter_img Governor Wolf Joins Eight Bipartisan Governors in Support of Pre-Existing Conditionslast_img read more