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Elections in Africa

first_imgPart 1: Capitalist economics vs. self-determinationPart 1 of this lightly edited article originally published by Pan-African News Wire on Aug. 12 covers Kenya and Rwanda. Part 2 will cover Angola and South Africa. Kenya: Oil and electionsPresident Uhuru Kenyatta has been declared victorious in his bid for a second term as leader of the largest economy in East Africa. The Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission Chairman Wafula Chebukati announced this after presenting the tallied votes to the public on Aug. 11 in Nairobi.Kenyatta, 55, the son of the former British colony’s founding President Jomo Kenyatta, repositioned himself politically during 2016 when he formed the Jubilee Party. His campaign emphasized the need to restructure the Kenyan political system by turning over more authority to people within the counties and elected members of parliament.The incumbent Kenyatta championed the annual 5 percent rate of growth in Kenya and held out the promise of sustainable development through the vast discoveries of oil and prospects for natural gas exploitation. In a regional framework, Tanzania, Uganda, Mozambique as well as Kenya have been the source of substantial investments in the energy sector.With specific reference to petroleum resources in Kenya, the Oxford Business Group reported in late 2012 drilling by Tullow and Africa Oil that revealed oil reserves estimated at 300 million barrels. The report noted that the discovery “has led to major international interest in Kenya’s remaining oil exploration licenses, including from France’s Total, China National Offshore Oil Corporation, ExxonMobil and Chevron.” (oxfordbusinessgroup.com, Nov. 4, 2013)Despite these much-lauded advances in economic potential, the Kenyan political scene is sharply divided between supporters of the president and his archrival Raila Odinga. Following the lead of Kenyatta, Odinga formed the National Super Alliance (NASA) coalition, bringing together several parties into an umbrella with the Orange Democratic Movement, which the politician leads.Odinga is the son of Jaramogi Oginga Odinga, another prominent independence-era political figure and vice president in the First Republic formed in 1964 by Jomo Kenyatta. He often projects an air of entitlement to the presidency of Kenya. President Kenyatta and Vice President Odinga split in 1966 after disagreements over Kenya’s relationship with the U.S. At the time, Odinga was considered to the left of Kenyatta, favoring a closer alliance with the socialist republics of the USSR and the People’s Republic of China.In 2007, a contested election sparked violent reprisals, leaving over 1,000 people dead and hundreds of thousands dislocated. Mediation efforts by the African Union and other state entities on the continent brought about a unity government in 2008, with Mwai Kibaki as president and Odinga taking the position of prime minister.In 2013, Odinga attempted again to win the presidency by claiming he would improve relations with the West. Kenyatta ran a formidable race, coming out on top in defiance of the wishes of the U.S. and Britain. Odinga rejected the election outcome, taking his claims of massive voter fraud to the Kenyan Supreme Court, which instead upheld the popular vote.Four years ago, Washington and London warned of grave consequences if Kenyans voted for Kenyatta. Both the president and Vice President William Ruto were under investigation by the International Criminal Court in the Netherlands for ostensibly playing a role in the 2007-08 internecine conflict. Deadly clashes pitting supporters of former President Kibaki against Odinga voters appeared to reveal an internationality oppositional character since the candidates were associated with the Kikiyu (Kenyatta) and Luo (Odinga) groups.The ICC pursuit of both Kenyatta and Ruto was dropped under the weight of the absurdity of the charges brought against these sitting leaders. This desire to detain, prosecute and imprison Kenyatta and Ruto further alienated many African leaders from the ICC. During the 50th anniversary summit of the AU, held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, in 2013, discussions began over whether member-states would unilaterally withdraw from the Rome Statute that established the ICC. These plans have not materialized due to the political and economic pressures exerted by the Western imperialist states and their allies in Africa.One glaring progressive trend that emerged from the Aug. 8 Kenyan general elections was the victory of 22 women members of parliament, along with three female governors, the first in the country’s history.An Aug. 11 Daily Nation article noted: “A record 22 women had by [Aug. 10] decisively won constituency seats in General Election, an increase from the 2013 number. And in some areas, a woman was being elected to a seat that has been the domain of men. But although the women set for the 12th Parliament are still few, they increased by six from the 16 elected in the last elections.”The Evening Standard emphasized on Aug. 10: “It is history in the making for Kenya as we are set for our first female governors. Previously, all the 47 governors were male. The three strong women fought tooth and nail to secure their county’s top job. This is also good news for gender equality. Kenya is set to have its first female county bosses.”Rwanda: Ruling party wins in a landslidePresident Paul Kagame of the Rwanda Patriotic Front won over 98 percent of the vote in the Aug. 4 national elections. The only party certified to challenge the president, whose party has ruled the Central and East African state since seizing power in 1994 after the genocidal war, was the Democratic Greens led by Frank Habineza, coming in a far distant second.Before 1994, an estimated 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were slaughtered over a period of three months as the-then Rwandan military, backed by a militia known as the Interahamwe, sought to eliminate their opponents. The RPF began as an armed movement with close ties to neighboring Uganda in 1987. Kagame served in the Ugandan National Resistance Movement led by current President Yoweri Museveni, who has been in power in Uganda for more than three decades. The Rwandan leader received training in U.S. military colleges and maintained close ties to the Pentagon, serving as an ally in Washington’s foreign policy imperatives in East and Central Africa.Rwanda is known for having the largest participation of women internationally in its parliamentary structure, some 61 percent. In addition, 50 percent of the Supreme Court justices are women, as well as a significant number of cabinet ministers.Nonetheless, the legacy of collaboration with the U.S. hampers Rwanda’s ability to exercise genuine sovereignty and an independent foreign policy. However, in recent years the Rwandan capital Kigali’s relationships with nations previously warred against in the Democratic Republic of Congo during Rwanda’s 1998-2003 occupation in partnership with Uganda seem to have improved. In 1998, the Southern African Development Community military commission, headed then by the Republic of Zimbabwe, authorized the deployment of troops from Zimbabwe, Angola and Namibia to defend the government of the late former DRC President Laurent Kabila. The SADC mission halted the Washington-backed attempt, through Rwanda and Uganda, to seize control of the enormous mineral-rich central African state.Rwanda Patriotic Front rule has stabilized the country to the extent that the United Nations recently announced Rwandan nationals living in other African states should return home. Zimbabwe, central to halting the takeover of the DRC nearly two decades ago, recently requested that Rwandans living in that Southern African nation return to their country.From Kenya and Rwanda to Angola and South Africa, parties continue to struggle to control state apparatuses amid dominance of regional economies by Western states.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Old Christmas set for Tuesday, Jan. 6

first_imgLatest Stories Remember America’s heroes on Memorial Day Print Article Published 3:00 am Saturday, January 3, 2015 Tammy Powell has attended every Old Christmas celebration except one.“I missed Old Christmas the year I was taking chemo and I really missed not being there. My heart missed not being there,” she said. “Old Christmas extends the Christmas season and draws me closer to the real meaning of Christmas. It touches my heart. It’s just what Christmas should be – simply worshiping the Baby that was born in a stable and moving past the birth and into the life of Christ.” Troy falls to No. 13 Clemson Old Christmas set for Tuesday, Jan. 6 Book Nook to reopen Email the author You Might Like Suspect released from hospital A suspect in December’s officer-involved shooting has been released from the hospital, but authorities are not releasing any additional information… read more Skip This Video Will Soon Be Banned. Watch Before It’s… By Secrets Revealed Sponsored Content Old Christmas at Clay Hill is a non-denominational service and everyone is invited.Clay Hill Church is located on County Road 4408 just off Highway 93 between Banks and Brundidge. Pike County Sheriff’s Office offering community child ID kits The Christmas season will come to a quiet, peaceful close with Old Christmas at Clay Hill on Tuesday, Jan. 6, which is Old Christmas Day.Old Christmas is the celebration of the arrival of the Wise Men to worship the Christ Child and is held at historic Clay Hill Church at Pronto.“The nativity scene usually depicts the shepherds and the Wise Men together at the stable where the Baby Jesus was born,” said the Rev. Ed Shirley, pastor of Brundidge United Methodist Church. “But the scriptures tell us that on coming into the house the Wise Men saw the child with his mother Mary and they bowed down and worshiped Him. We don’t know the exact time of the arrival of the Wise Men but it was possibly as much as two years later.” Old Christmas is a lantern-light service of scriptures and songs. The church is decorated with offerings from Mother Nature and the atmosphere is one of simplicity and beauty, said the Rev. Ron Jackson.The music is played on acoustic instruments and features congregational singing and vocal specials.“Old Christmas takes me back to an old-time Christmas,” Jackson said. “The emphasis is on the right things – the things that Christmas is really about. The service tells the story of the birth of Christ and the arrival of the Wise Men through the reading of the scriptures and the singing of the old Christian hymns. It’s just a wonderful celebration of Christmas and what it’s all about.” By Jaine Treadwell Plans underway for historic Pike County celebration Around the WebMd: Do This Immediately if You Have Diabetes (Watch)Blood Sugar BlasterIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier LivingHave an Enlarged Prostate? Urologist Reveals: Do This Immediately (Watch)Healthier LivingWomen Only: Stretch This Muscle to Stop Bladder Leakage (Watch)Healthier LivingRemoving Moles & Skin Tags Has Never Been This EasyEssential HealthRemember Them? I’m Sure Their New Net Worth Will Leave You SpeechlessbradofoThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancellast_img read more

Sammis family purchases Montague Golf Club in Randolph

first_imgThe Sammis Family has purchased the historic 18-hole Montague golf club in Randolph. Immediate plans are to upgrade the facility with a new entrance driveway and golf paths, 36 new Club Car golf carts and 36 new Amish-made swinging benches on all Men’s and Ladies’ Tees.  The  golf course is open to the public. More information is available at  www.montaguegolf.com(link is external).last_img

Judith K. Livers

first_imgJudith K. Livers, age 75 of Osgood, passed away unexpectedly on Thursday, December 5, 2019 at her home. Judy was born on August 26, 1944 in Houston, Texas as the daughter to the late James and Katherine Judy Dunn. She married Leland Rigdon, and they were blessed with two sons, Thad and Mark Rigdon. Leland preceded her in death on February 6, 1999. Judy then married James Allen Livers on July 12, 2002 and he still survives at home.Judy loved to nurture and care for people. With this loving quality shepossessed, she worked in the health care profession for Care Star taking care of people in Ripley County and the surrounding counties. Later she would work at Mirrus at Versailles. She and her husband James spent much time riding their Harley along with camping with family and friends.Survivors include her husband, James Livers; sons, Thad (Carie) Rigdon of Milan, James Norman Livers of Osgood, Brian Allen Livers of Indianapolis. Four brothers survive: James (Portia) Dunn, Jack (Betty) Dunn both of Texas, Larry Pugh of Lawrenceburg along with Steve Pugh of Aurora. One sister, Cecelia Bonta of Cleves, Ohio also survives, along with 8 grandchildren and several great grandchildren.Judy was preceded in death by son Mark Rigdon on February 12, 2007 along with 1 brother, Anthony Pugh.Services will be held all in one day, Monday, December 9, 2019 at Neal’s Funeral Home with calling starting at 10:00 am until 12:00 noon when the funeral will begin. Memorials may be given to the Ripley County Humane Society in care of the funeral home. Burial will be at Perseverance Cemetery near Osgood.Arrangements handled by Neal’s Funeral Home.www.nealsfuneralhome.netlast_img read more