TCU library still partially closed from winter storm damage Previous articleEpisode 251 – Playing for secondNext articleWhat we’re reading: Unemployment claims rise, Biden pitches ‘American Jobs Plan’ Alexandra Lang Alexandra Lang Linkedin Welcome TCU Class of 2025 ReddIt ReddIt printVol. 119, Issue 22: International students eager to return to campus this fallAlso: Winter storm damage still has the library partially closed, alumna launched company with help of social mediaFailed to fetch Error: URL to the PDF file must be on exactly the same domain as the current web page. Click here for more info The Skiff Graduation Issue: April 22, 2021 Twitter Alexandra Langhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/alexandra-lang/ The Skiff: April 8, 2021 + posts Alexandra Lang is a Journalism and Political Science double major from San Antonio, Texas. She has worked for TCU360 since her freshman year, and she is currently the Executive Editor of The Skiff. Alexandra Langhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/alexandra-lang/ A fox’s tail: the story of TCU’s campus foxes The Skiff: April 1, 2021By Alexandra Lang – April 1, 2021 518 The Skiff: April 15, 2021 Twitter Linkedin The Skiff: Digital Issues Alexandra Langhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/alexandra-lang/ Facebook RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Alexandra Langhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/alexandra-lang/ Facebook Life in Fort Worth
Share:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) White House / David Bohrer ALBANY – A new law that installs protections for LGBTQ veterans goes into effect today.State leaders say the Restoration of Honor Act creates a pathway of eligibility for state veterans’ benefits for those who were dishonorably discharged because of their LGBTQ status, military sexual trauma, traumatic brain injury, or post-traumatic stress disorder.The state division of veteran’s services started accepting applications from the potential eligible veterans back in June.State leaders say under Don’t Ask Don’t Tell and similar policies hundreds of thousands of veterans received less than honorable discharges. As a result of that those individuals are ineligible for veterans’ benefits. While military discharge decisions can only be formally changed by the federal government, the Restoration of Honor Act allows these veterans to apply to claim their New York State benefits.This makes New York the first state in the nation to restore the benefits of veterans who received less than honorable discharges either because of these traumas or because of their LGBTQ identity.
– ‘Heads held high’ –“I want to say a big congratulations to the academy,” said the City manager.“All the club has to be so proud to have two young players of 17, 18 years old making their first appearances in the Champions League.“For the academy, all the guys who’ve been working for a long time, the scouting, to search for huge talents — I put them on the field, but the guys who have worked with them deserve credit.“Hopefully they keep growing. They are still young. We don’t need to speed up the process of growing.“Today it’s their first game in the Champions League. They’ll keep training with us and keep playing. I’ll put them on the pitch and we’ll see in the future.”Late @sterling7 strike eventually sees-off a determined Feyenoord.#cityvfey recap…https://t.co/45KuJCcG3V— Manchester City (@ManCity) November 21, 2017The result means Feyenoord cannot rescue even the consolation prize of a berth in the Europa League.But having seen his players almost succeed in frustrating a team who are currently eight points clear in the Premier League, Feyenoord coach Giovanni van Bronckhorst could look on the bright side.“When you compare this to the first game, when we were pretty useless (losing 4-0 to City in September), it shows how far we have come in the Champions League,” he said.The boss on winning, @sterling7 and the #UCL debuts of @PhilFoden and @Brahim #mancity https://t.co/kGrJmbDZPV— Manchester City (@ManCity) November 21, 2017“There are clubs who will leave this stadium with their tail between their legs more than we have today.“Certainly we have met some challenging opponents. We have met the best teams in the UK, Italy and Ukraine.“It’s been a good experience for us. Hopefully we can walk away from the Champions League with our heads held high.”Share on: WhatsApp Guardiola: We have one game left and we’re going to see what happensManchester, United Kingdom | AFP | Pep Guardiola set Manchester City the target of becoming the first English club to win all six of their Champions League group matches after they secured top spot in Group F.Raheem Sterling struck in the 88th minute to give City a 1-0 win over Feyenoord on Tuesday, which — allied to Shakhtar Donetsk’s 3-0 loss at Napoli — guaranteed Guardiola’s side first place in the group.He wants his team to finish the job by winning away to Shakhtar on December 6 and is mindful that the Ukrainian club are still vying with Napoli for the one remaining last 16 berth.“We respect the competition. We respect Shakhtar and we respect Napoli,” Guardiola said.“We play to win the games and after we will see how we finish. We have one game left and we’re going to see what happens.“The important thing is 15 points. We are now going to finish good in Shakhtar and win the game. The draw, we’ll see. Last 16, it doesn’t matter which one. Always will be complicated.”Only six teams have previously won all six of their group games: AC Milan in 1992, Paris Saint-Germain in 1994, Spartak Moscow in 1995, Barcelona in 2002 and Real Madrid in 2011 and 2014.FT | ? 1-0 ? #cityvfeyTop spot secured 17 wins in a row Youth blooded A successful night in the end for the Blues! pic.twitter.com/eJKnOX4tcJ— Manchester City (@ManCity) November 21, 2017Guardiola fielded a side showing seven changes from Saturday’s 2-0 win at Leicester City and it took until the dying stages at the Etihad Stadium for his charges to wear Feyenoord down.Sterling swapped passes with Ilkay Gundogan before haring into the box and neatly lifting a shot over goalkeeper Brad Jones, his former Liverpool team-mate.Including their victory on penalties over Wolverhampton Wanderers in the League Cup, City have now won their last 17 games in all competitions.Guardiola used the occasion to hand a debut to 17-year-old midfield starlet Phil Foden and a first Champions League appearance to 18-year-old Spanish midfielder Brahim Diaz.When you’re 25 games unbeaten and you’ve just won your @ChampionsLeague group with a game to spare… ? pic.twitter.com/FsNcNxx7Fp— Manchester City (@ManCity) November 21, 2017
England Golf is sending strong international line-ups to compete in the World Amateur Team Championships for the Espirito Santo Trophy and the Eisenhower Trophy at Antalya in Turkey next month and in October. Georgia Hall, Charley Hull, and Emily Taylor will play in the women’s Espirito Santo Trophy, while Craig Hinton (Image © Tom Ward), Garrick Porteous and Neil Raymond will compete in the Eisenhower Trophy. The Espirito Santo Trophy is being played at the Gloria Golf Club (Old and New Courses) on 27th – 30th September, while the Eisenhower Trophy will be at the Antalya club (Sultan Course) and at the Cornelia Golf Club on 4th – 7th October. Espirito Santo Trophy players: Georgia Hall, 16, (Remedy Oak, Dorset) is the British girls’ champion and is fourth in the women’s world amateur rankings. She was runner-up in the English women’s amateur in May and a semi-finalist in the British women’s championship. She recently helped England successfully defend the Girls’ Home Internationals. Emily Taylor, 17, (Hillside, Lancashire), is the English girls’ champion, the Irish women’s open stroke champion and the winner of the U18 titles at both the English women’s stroke play – where she was third overall – and the British women’s stroke play, where she was fourth. Charley Hull, 16, (Woburn, Buckinghamshire), was in GB&I’s winning 2012 Curtis Cup team. She has played three professional events this year, finishing in the top 40 in the Kraft Nabisco, a women’s Major; fifth in the Turkish Airline Ladies Open and tied 18th in the ISPS Handa Ladies British Masters. She is eighth in the world amateur rankings. England have never won the Espirito Santo Trophy, although they have been third. They helped GB&I achieve two silver and five bronze medals during the years when the Home Countries fielded a combined team. Eisenhower Trophy players: Craig Hinton, 24, (The Oxfordshire, BB&O), made his full England debut in last year’s Home Internationals in Ireland. He won this year’s Welsh open stroke play championship, finished joint fourth in the St Andrews Links Trophy and helped England win the European Challenge Trophy in Iceland in July, which ensured a return to the European men’s team championships next year. Garrick Porteous, 22, (Bamburgh Castle, Northumberland) back from a spell at college in the United States, also made his full England debut in last year’s Home Internationals. He was also a member of the victorious team in the European Challenge Trophy where he finished tied third in the individual ranking. Neil Raymond, 26, (Corhampton, Hampshire, IoW & CI) has been the English stroke play champion for the past two years after winning the Brabazon Trophy at Burnham & Berrow and at Walton Heath. Capped for the first time in last year’s international against Spain and an England regular since, he won the New South Wales Medal in Australia last winter and was a quarter finalist in the recent English amateur championship. England has not won the Eisenhower Trophy since the Home Countries fielded separate teams in 2002. GB&I won in 1998. 29 Aug 2012 Internationals selected for World Team Championships
by Malik VincentFor New Pittsburgh Courier Allderdice head coach Andre McDonald preaches defensive toughness to his players. If you ask anyone on his staff or somebody he’s coached, they swear by it. In fact, the Dragons have proudly sport the nickname “HAWK-D” on their warm-ups for the past five years and since this season—their uniforms. But they aren’t the only ones who do.“It was uplifting to hear the entire student body chanting HAWK-D,” McDonald said. “It was really motivation to our guys to play the best game that we could.” ‘HAWK-D’—The Allderdice boys celebrate with the championship trophy after defeating Perry 73-63 in the City League championship game March 5. (Courier photos/William McBride) Led by senior Cameron Bailey’s 22 points and Eric Mallinger’s near triple-double, Allderdice (12-4, 17-7) won its second consecutive City League boys basketball Championship over top-seeded Perry, 73-63, at Peabody High School on Saturday.“It was a great contest,” Bailey said. “But I have to give much credit to our coaching staff, they had a great scouting report and they did everything they could to get us prepared for battle.”Perry had been the favorite to win it all after surrendering one conference game all year and defeating Allderdice in both of their regular season meetings.“I realized we needed to be prepared this time,” McDonald added. “We broke down the film from the last four meetings and made sure that we were going to come out and compete at our highest level.”Junior guard Justin Dobbs added a game-high 23 points for the Dragons and admits that he got off to a slow start.“My shot was off early so I eventually got to a point where I was just trying to get to the foul line.” Dobbs said. “We started to run the pick and roll and once that happened, I was fortunate enough to start making good decisions with the basketball.”Mallinger finished with nine points, 11 blocks, and 16 rebounds.“I knew that the offense was going to come,” Mallinger said. “I take pride in doing what I need to do on the defensive end. The coaches and I don’t even need to discuss that. I just try to go out there every game and crash the boards, as well as to make plays on defense.”Perry’s normal leading scorer, Marcus Smith, was held to only 10 points for the Commodores (15-1, 21-4). They were led by Bruce Grover’s 19 points and Greg McGhee’s 16, 11 of which he converted from the free-throw line.“We set out to build a strong program from top to bottom,” Allderdice assistant coach Jason Rivers said. “We’re the only team in the city that has a ninth grade program that feeds into our junior varsity, and goes into varsity. These kids do a tremendous job to get prepared to come up and win in this level.”
Facebook85Tweet0Pin0Submitted by the Olympia Food Co-op Deli CollectivePaul Seimer eats at the Olympia Food Co-op soup and salad bar as often as possible. “I see it as daily medicine, my own healthcare plan that is sane, easy, fun and delicious,” says Seimer. “I love the diversity of the selections, different every day. And I love, love how each item seems to always be made of the absolute best ingredients. The passion of the cooks is clear as day!”Mixing up some red bell peppers, jalapeño, lime & lacinato kale for a delicious, spicy black bean salad. Photo courtesy: Members of the Olympia Food Co-op Deli CollectiveMany of us have had the experience of eating carrots on a salad bars that you can tell were shredded weeks ago and poured from a bag. The carrots you are munching from the Olympia Food Co-op salad bar were likely delivered from a farm 20 miles away and shredded in our kitchen that morning. We make soups, salads and pickled vegetables daily, featuring freshly chopped, organic and often locally grown vegetables. Many delight in our homemade garlic-tahini, avocado-cilantro and honey-mustard salad dressings. We make a variety of vegetarian and meat sandwiches 6 days a week. You can even start your morning with organic, gluten-free oatmeal. Check the Olympia Food Co-op website for daily offerings.Charlie Beck and Charmaine Slaven are full time musicians and travel quite a bit between Seattle and Portland. “We love having the option to stop at the Eastside Olympia Food Co-op. It’s conveniently located to the freeway, we can make a quick stop and get healthy food and beverages from the salad bar, soup counter, or deli cooler. There are also clean, safe bathrooms. We can stock up on quality produce or bulk goods if our home pantry is running low. Our PCC membership is honored. Thanks Oly Food Co-op!”The Olympia Food Co-op Deli Crew. Photo courtesy: Members of the Olympia Food Co-op Deli CollectiveThe Olympia Food Co-op Deli department is a collective inside a collective. We are all managers who care deeply about the quality of the food we serve. We order and receive produce directly from local vendors including OlyKraut, Wobbly Cart Farm, Calliope Farm, Piece by Piece Farm and Rising River Farm.We turn this produce into delicious and creative soups, sandwiches, salads and salad fixing. That’s why you will see an abundance of zucchini dishes midsummer, taste fresh crunchy fennel in your salads and have an array of colorful potato salads this time of year. Local carrots taste ultra sweet. We enjoy supporting the farmers who live, shop and work in our community and we like to bring you delicious, diverse, fresh and healthy dishes.Savory maple ham with gorgonzola, honeycrisp apples and caramelized red onions make a delicious topping on toast. Photo courtesy: Members of the Olympia Food Co-op Deli CollectiveCallie Jan Mills, medical assistant at Kaiser Permanente, comes to the Olympia Food Co-op salad and soup bar on her lunch breaks because it’s the only option she knows in the area for fresh, healthy, organic food. “I can make good choices about the food I put in my body, knowing it comes from local farmers, who I know and want to support. I like knowing where my food comes from and that it’s healthy, fresh and local.”For 40 years, the Olympia Food Co-op and our membership have supported local producers in our community. With low mark-ups for local products, every time a purchase is made from our stores, the vendor gets most of the sale. Everybody is welcome to shop. We have two locations, and both stores are open daily, 8:00 a.m. – 9:00 p.m.
Mo Ibrahim at the 6 October launch ofthe 2008 Ibrahim Index of AfricanGovernance, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.(Image: Mo Ibrahim Foundation)Mary AlexanderNearly two-thirds of sub-Saharan African countries are enjoying better governance, according to a new report by the Mo Ibrahim foundation. The 2008 Ibrahim Index of African Governance, published in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia yesterday, has given 31 of the region’s 48 countries a better score than that of the 2007 index.The index, produced by a team from Harvard University, assesses government performance in five broad categories: participation and human rights; rule of law; transparency and corruption; human development; and sustainable economic opportunity.Coming out top of the overall ranking was the island nation of Mauritius, with a score of 85.1 out of 100. Second was the Seychelles with 79.8, third Cape Verde with 74.7, fourth Botswana with 74, and South Africa came in fifth with 71.5.The country with the worst governance was Somalia, with an overall score of only 18.9 out of 100. It was joined at the bottom of the ranking by the Democratic Republic of Congo with 29.8, Chad (33.9), Sudan (34.2) and Angola (43.3).‘The real story coming out of Africa’The foundation was set up by Sudan-born entrepreneur Mo Ibrahim in 2006 to support great African leadership.“Obscured by many of the headlines of the past few months, the real story coming out of Africa is that governance performance across a large majority of African countries is improving,” Ibrahim said at yesterday’s launch.“I hope that these results will be used as a tool by Africa’s citizens to hold their governments to account, and stimulate debate about the performance of those who govern in their name.”Apart from producing the index, which was first published in September 2007, the Ibrahim Foundation also confers the Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership, which at US5-million is the largest annual prize in the world.A selection panel headed by former UN secretary-general Kofi Annan awards the prize to a retired African head of state who demonstrated excellence in leadership during their time in office. In October 2007 the inaugural prize went to former Mozambique president Joaquim Chissano.The 2008 Ibrahim Index is based on data from 2006, the last year with reasonably complete data available for sub-Saharan countries.“A time lag in indices of this nature is standard practice,” the foundation said in a statement. “This is mainly due to problems with data collection and availability. The Ibrahim Index, with its two-year time lag, is more up-to-date than many other indices.” The 2007 index was produced from 2005 data.Human rights and developmentIn the participation and human rights category, which assesses participation in elections and respect for civil and political rights, 28 sub-Saharan countries improved their scores from 2005 to 2006.“Many of these have demonstrated improved participation in elections generally deemed free and fair by international observers,” the foundation said. “However, many issues remain across the continent in this area, particularly with regard to women’s rights.”Eighteen countries regressed, while only two remained the same. The countries showing the greatest respect for democracy and freedom were Mauritius, with a score of 92.2, Liberia (87.9), Botswana (87.4), South Africa (86.3) and Sao Tome and Principe (83.4).Liberia also saw the greatest improvement, jumping 48.9 points from its 2005 score of 39. Mauritania lost the most ground in participation and human rights, falling 29.6 points from 60.4 in 2005 to 30.8 in 2006.The category which saw the greatest improvement overall was human development, which looks at rates of poverty, health, sanitation and education. Here 35 countries improved from 2005 to 2006, while only six worsened and seven remained the same.Mauritius again came out at the top, with a human development score of 89.9. It was followed by the Seychelles (88.4), South Africa (68.7), Botswana (68) and Gabon (67.8).Economic opportunitySub-Saharan Africa’s next best performance was in the sustainable economic opportunity category, in which 34 countries improved their scores and 11 lost ground. The category looks at economic growth in the context of environmental sustainability, and includes the subcategories of wealth creation, macroeconomic stability and financial integrity, the arteries of commerce, and environmental sensitivity.In the arteries of commerce section, the foundation found that, “Nearly all countries have recorded progress in generating access to technology, with 40 countries improving their scores for internet usage and 44 countries improving their scores for phone subscribers.”The top scorers for economic opportunity were Mauritius (71.4), the Seychelles (70), South Africa (63.5), Gabon (61.6) and Botswana (58.2).Rule of law and safetyTwenty-four countries improved their scores in the rule of law, transparency and corruption category, while 19 regressed and only three remained unchanged. This category looks at the ratification of critical legal norms, judicial independence and efficiency, and corruption.The countries best upholding the rule of law were Cape Verde (86.1), Botswana (81.6), Mauritius (80.5), the Seychelles (80.4) and South Africa (78.1).South Africa’s worst performance was in the category of safety and security, coming in at 42nd out of 48 countries. This category, which looks at national security and public safety, also saw the slowest progress overall, with only 13 countries showing improvement from 2005 to 2006, 10 regressing, and 25 remaining the same.The safest and most secure sub-Saharan African countries in 2006 were Cape Verde (100), Gabon (100), Sao Tome and Principe (100), Rwanda (98.4) and the Comoros (94.4).Do you have queries or comments about this article? Email Mary Alexander at [email protected] articlesAfrica: fast factsAngola heads for democracy Useful linksMo Ibrahim FoundationAfrican UnionKennedy School of Government, Harvard University
18 April 2013 South Africa stands out as a tourist destination in the world, Tourism Minister Marthinus van Schalkwyk said on Tuesday. “Last year we grew at more than double the world average – 10.5% for January to November 2012, compared to a global average growth of four percent,” he said at an awards ceremony in New York. “With growth rates of more than double the world average and quadruple the world average if one takes overseas visitors into account, we can look back very favourably on 2012.” He said tourism remained stable in South Africa in the midst of the 2008/2009 global financial crisis. “South Africa is indeed a unique and varied destination which offers tourist experiences that suit every taste and budget,” Van Schalkwyk said. “Visitors to South Africa stand in awe of how much this country has to offer, which includes the variety of experiences, the value for money, our world-class tourism infrastructure, and of course our culturally-diverse people.” He said 2013 was a special year for South Africa, as it had entered its 20th year of democracy. “Irrespective of what news agencies may tell you, South Africa still remains a story of hope, a story of inspiration, and a story of the future,” Van Schalkwyk said. “That’s why more and more people want to come to our country and see it for themselves. Sapa
The population of African penguins has dwindled drastically over the past three decades, mostly as a result of human activity. Now humans are stepping in to try to save them from extinction. BirdLife South Africa plans to build a new colony for the animals. African penguins are an endangered species and its quickly heading towards extinction. To prevent them from dying out, BirdLife South Africa is looking to build a new colony that will allow them to breed while being safe from harm. BirdLife is looking to the public for aid to establish the colony. Pictured here is an injured penguin. (Image: Grant Peters, Flickr) Shamin ChibbaIn 2001, there were 56 000 pairs of African penguins in South Africa. By 2014, there were just 19 000 pairs. This drastic decline has prompted BirdLife South Africa to try something it has never done before to prevent the penguin from going extinct.Led by Christina Hagen, the Pamela Isdell Fellow of Penguin Conservation at BirdLife South Africa, the organisation wants to establish a new African penguin colony that will help to increase its numbers.The challenge to save the African penguin from extinction is proving to be massive, according to BirdLife South Africa chief executive Mark Anderson. “The penguins need all the help they can get. Establishing new mainland colonies are immensely important management interventions.”If you want to keep the African penguin a part of South Africa’s heritage, donate to the project at Experiment.com.Two major populations of the birds remain, made up of numerous colonies in Western Cape between West Coast National Park and Gansbaai, and of colonies in Algoa Bay, Eastern Cape. The problem for conservationists is the 600km gap between the two populations.Hagen said penguins bred more successfully on islands, where there were no terrestrial predators. But because there was no island between Gansbaai and Port Elizabeth, the gap remained. It was for this reason the new colony would have to be built on the mainland. WATCH: BirdLife South Africa looking to establish a new African penguin colonyBirdLife South Africa was still assessing suitable areas to establish the colony. For now, the choice was between De Hoop in Overberg and Plettenberg Bay on the Garden Route, she said.The choice of location will be based on whether there is an abundance of sardines and anchovies in the area; the fish are the penguins’ two main sources of food. “Our overriding concern is that they should be in a location where there are enough sardines and anchovies in the sea,” said Hagen. “The Western Cape sardine stock is shifting eastwards which is why we are looking in those areas.”Besides having enough fish to feed on, there are numerous other factors that determine the perfect location for penguins. Hagen said the land had to be good enough for penguins to burrow and make a nest, the area must make it easy to protect the birds from predators such as caracals, leopards and mongooses, and it should not be too close to sources of pollution such as oil.BirdLife South Africa wants to relocate specific birds to the new colony. “We’ll be using young birds that have fledged and are ready to go to sea but haven’t bred yet,” said Hagen.It will also relocate chicks that have been abandoned. The area will be monitored remotely and be fenced so that predators and people cannot interfere with the birds. Two African penguin populations currently exist in the Western Cape and Eastern Cape. BirdLife South Africa is looking to establish a colony between the two colonies.(Image: BirdLife South Africa)Effects of human activityIn 2010, the African penguin was listed as endangered by BirdLife International, meaning that it had decreased by over 50% in three penguin generations, or approximately 30 years. The decline is expected to continue.The drop in population is largely driven by human activity, according to BirdLife. “First egg-collecting and guano-scraping caused enormous losses. Then overfishing in the 1960s continued to cause decreases.”The biggest concern is a lack of food. Penguins eat mainly sardines and anchovies, which are also the target of the commercial purse seine fishing industry. A purse seine is a large wall of netting that encircles an entire area or school of fish. On average, large purse seine vessels can catch up to 20 tons of fish a day, says the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, with some vessels able to haul more.Today, some penguin colonies have been so drastically reduced that they are now vulnerable to minor events, such as seals preying on adults, gulls taking eggs, or extreme weather causing breeding failure.The project will also help BirdLife South Africa figure out techniques to build future colonies for penguins and other bird species. It will additionally help penguin populations spread across the western and southern coast of South Africa. African penguins prey on sardines and anchovies, but the number of fish available to the birds are dwindling due to their shift eastward and over fishing. This particular penguin was spotted at Boulders Beach near Cape Town. (Image: Nick Perretti, Flickr)More can be doneHagen said there were continuing attempts to stop the decline but BirdLife South Africa felt more needed to be done. These included attempts to increase recruitment by maintaining and improving nesting habitat, and captive rearing and releasing of orphaned wild chicks.Attempts to decrease mortality include eradicating invasive predators, reducing predation by natural predators around colonies such as seals, rehabilitation and release of oiled and injured penguins, disease control, and changing fishing patterns.Building a new colony is the most drastic step taken so far. “Trying to create a colony is a big step and it hasn’t been done before so people are a bit hesitant to try it,” said Hagen. “But we are working with a number of organisations, including the Nature’s Valley Trust and the African Penguin Population Reinforcement Working Group to help make it happen.”WATCH: AZA SAFE short documentary on the African penguinSardines and anchovies migratingAfrican penguins were a good indicator species for the health of the ecosystem, she added. Their falling numbers meant changes were taking place in the sea.Since the mid-1990s, sardines and anchovies have been moving east to the Agulhas area and the south coast, making it difficult for the birds to reach their prey. “Breeding penguins can’t travel far from their colony to find food as they have to return to feed their chicks. So they can’t go further than 20 or 30 kilometres from their breeding ground.”Hagen believes climate change has forced sardines and anchovies to move. “The change in temperature is thought to have shifted the fish because other species have also shifted.”Additionally, high pressure from fishing on the west coast could have played a role in the fish moving east.Despite the shift, BirdLife South Africa said the two colonies on the south coast, which supposedly should have benefited, had continued to dwindle.Fun facts about the African penguinHeight: approximately 60cm tallWeight: between 2.4 and 3.6 kgsLifespan: about 10 yearsHabitat: Within 40km of the coast, preferring rocky offshore islandsBreeding: Usually breeds for the first time between 4 and 6 years of ageBreeding season: Between March and May in South Africa and November and December in NamibiaMoulting: Between 13 and 40 days. Occurs between November and January in South Africa and April and May in NamibiaChicks: Once hatched, the parents will take it in turns to guard and feed the chicks until they are about 30 days old. Thereafter chicks are left alone in crèches. When they are between 60-130 days old they develop juvenile plumage and are able to venture into the ocean and leave the colony.Each African Penguin has a different pattern of black spots on its white chest and belly, which observers use to identify individual animals.They were previously called Jackass Penguins, due to their call that sounded like the braying of a donkey. The name was changed to African Penguin due to other species of penguin making similar sounds, and in addition to that, S. demersus is the only species of penguin on the African continent.Predators looking down from above struggle to see their black backs against the dark ocean. Predators looking up from the water struggle to see their white bellies against the sky – therefore these animals are almost perfectly camouflaged from predators while swimming.Their name Spheniscus demersus is derived from the Greek word spen, meaning wedge, as a reflection of their shape when swimming. Demersus is a Latin word, meaning plunging.The pink markings above their eyes are glands. When the penguin gets hot, more blood rushes to the glands to be cooled down.– Penguin facts courtesy of BirdLife South Africa.