By Robert L. Fischer, Co-Director of the Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development, Case Western Reserve University and first published on theconversation.com.On July 12, President Trump’s Council of Economic Advisers concluded that America’s long-running war on poverty “is largely over and a success.”I am a researcher who has studied poverty for nearly 20 years in Cleveland, a city with one of the country’s highest rates of poverty. While the council’s conclusion makes for a dramatic headline, it simply does not align with the reality of poverty in the U.S. today.What is poverty?The U.S. federal poverty line is set annually by the federal government, based on algorithms developed in the 1960s and adjusted for inflation.In 2018, the federal poverty line for a family of four in the contiguous U.S. is $25,100. It’s somewhat higher in Hawaii ($28,870) and Alaska ($31,380).However, the technical weaknesses of the federal poverty line are well known to researchers and those who work with populations in poverty. This measure considers only earned income, ignoring the costs of living for different family types, receipt of public benefits, as well as the value of assets, such as a home or car, held by families.Most references to poverty refer to either the poverty rate or the number of people in poverty. The poverty rate is essentially the percentage of all people or a subcategory who have income below the poverty line. This allows researchers to compare over time even as the U.S. population increases. For example, 12.7 percent of the U.S. population was in poverty in 2016. The rate has hovered around 12 to 15 percent since 1980.Other discussions reference the raw number of people in poverty. In 2016, 40.6 million people lived in poverty, up from approximately 25 million in 1980. The number of people in poverty gives a sense of the scale of the concern and helps to inform the design of relevant policies.Both of these indicators fluctuate with the economy. For example, the poverty population grew by 10 million during the 2007 to 2009 recession, equating to an increase of approximately 4 percent in the rate.The rates of poverty over time by age show that, while poverty among seniors has declined, child poverty and poverty among adults have changed little over the last 40 years. Today, the poverty rate among children is nearly double the rate experienced by seniors.The July report by the Council of Economic Advisers uses an alternate way of measuring poverty, based on households’ consumption of goods, to conclude that poverty has dramatically declined. Though this method may be useful for underpinning an argument for broader work requirements for the poor, the much more favorable picture it paints simply does not reconcile with the observed reality in the U.S. today.Deserving versus undeserving poorPolitical discussions about poverty often include underlying assumptions about whether those living in poverty are responsible for their own circumstances.One perspective identifies certain categories of poor as more deserving of assistance because they are victims of circumstance. These include children, widows, the disabled and workers who have lost a job. Other individuals who are perceived to have made bad choices – such as school dropouts, people with criminal backgrounds or drug users – may be less likely to receive sympathetic treatment in these discussions. The path to poverty is important, but likely shows that most individuals suffered earlier circumstances that contributed to the outcome.Among the working-age poor in the U.S. (ages 18 to 64), approximately 35 percent are not eligible to work, meaning they are disabled, a student or retired. Among the poor who are eligible to work, fully 63 percent do so.Earlier this year, lawmakers in the House proposed new work requirements for recipients of SNAP and Medicaid. But this ignores the reality that a large number of the poor who are eligible for benefits are children and would not be expected to work. Sixty-three percent of adults who are eligible for benefits can work and already do. The issue here is more so that these individuals cannot secure and retain full-time employment of a wage sufficient to lift their family from poverty.A culture of poverty?The circumstances of poverty limit the odds that someone can escape poverty. Individuals living in poverty or belonging to families in poverty often work but still have limited resources – in regard to employment, housing, health care, education and child care, just to name a few domains.If a family is surrounded by other households also struggling with poverty, this further exacerbates their circumstances. It’s akin to being a weak swimmer in a pool surrounded by other weak swimmers. The potential for assistance and benefit from those around you further limits your chances of success.Even the basic reality of family structure feeds into the consideration of poverty. Twenty-seven percent of female-headed households with no other adult live in poverty, dramatically higher than the 5 percent poverty rate of married couple families.Poverty exists in all areas of the country, but the population living in high-poverty neighborhoods has increased over time. Following the Great Recession, some 14 million people lived in extremely poor neighborhoods, more than twice as many as had done so in 2000. Some areas saw some dramatic growth in their poor populations living in high-poverty areas.Given the complexity of poverty as a civic issue, decision makers should understand the full range of evidence about the circumstances of the poor. This is especially important before undertaking a major change to the social safety net such as broad-based work requirements for those receiving non-cash assistance. Please enter your comment! Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development’s Robert L. Fischer refutes claim about poverty The Anatomy of Fear Free webinar for job seekers on best interview answers, hosted by Goodwill June 11 Support conservation and fish with NEW Florida specialty license plate Please enter your name here TAGStheconversation.comWar on poverty Previous articleCookies and Milk with a Cop tomorrow morningNext articleUber announces Phase II results of Central Florida mobility pilot program Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Reply You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here 1 COMMENT LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply […] against the claim that the “war on poverty” is over. Republished by Raw Story, Garn Press, Apopka Voice, Sojourners Magazine and […] Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter August 1, 2018 at 12:47 pm Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
HerbeautyJennifer Lopez And Alex Rodriguez’s Wedding DelayedHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyEase Up! Snake Massages Are Real And Do Wonders!HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty7 Things A Man Will Do Only If He Really Loves YouHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty5 Things To Avoid If You Want To Have Whiter TeethHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyAmazing Sparks Of On-Screen Chemistry From The 90-sHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty8 Easy Exotic Meals Anyone Can MakeHerbeautyHerbeauty Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website First Heatwave Expected Next Week Make a comment Community News faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday An aggressive crackdown on the fraudulent use of disabled person parking placards resulted in 1,987 misdemeanor citations being issued between July 1, 2018, and June 30, 2019. Investigators with the California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) caught the offenders during 217 enforcement operations conducted statewide.Those found to be misusing placards have them confiscated and receive a misdemeanor citation that carries a $250 to $1,000 fine. The violation also appears on the individual’s driver record.“When someone misuses a disabled person parking placard, they disrupt the lives of those with disabilities and interfere with their mobility,” said acting DMV Director Kathleen Webb. “Through education and enforcement, we hope the number of offenders our enforcement team cites decreases. I want to remind Californians to save the space.”California state law mandates that a disabled person parking placard only be used by the person to whom it is assigned. Investigators are able to verify that a disabled parking placard is being appropriately used by comparing the placard assignment number with an accompanying registration card and personal identification.Typical abuses include drivers parking in a marked disabled parking spot without a placard, drivers using a placard issued to a family member or friend and using the access area to load and unload passengers who do not have a disability.The DMV holds as many as many as 24 enforcement operations each month throughout the state. The department also launched an awareness campaign to educate the public about the proper use of a disabled person parking placard.Here are the results of enforcement operations:Fiscal Year Citations Issued Operations2018/19 1,987 2172017/18 2,485 2562016/17 1,625 1652015/16 738 113Anyone who suspects a person might be misusing a disabled person placard is urged to report it using an online complaint form or by contacting their local DMV Investigations office. Submissions are confidential. It is important to note that some qualifying disabilities are not visually apparent and allegations of misuse might be unfounded. latest #1 DMV Cites Nearly 2,000 People Misusing Disabled Parking Placards in One Year Published on Tuesday, July 9, 2019 | 11:06 am Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Top of the News 5 recommendedShareShareTweetSharePin it Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS More Cool Stuff Community News Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Subscribe Business News Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena
Jul 8, 2005 (CIDRAP News) – The Philippines, previously free of the avian influenza that has spread rapidly across Asia, has reported its first cases.Government announcements today say the H5 strain was identified in ducks on an isolated farm near the town of Calumpit in Bulacan province, north of Manila. The ducks showed no symptoms; the disease was detected during standard testing when a trader applied to export duck eggs.Agriculture Secretary Arthur Yap said at a news conference that there is no evidence this involves the H5N1 strain that has caused more than 100 cases in humans and caused 54 human deaths so far in other parts of Asia. He is quoted in an Agence France-Presse story as saying, “It is a low-risk flu strain found in three healthy ducks and the risk to human health is almost nil.”Blood samples from the infected ducks have been sent to laboratories in Australia operated by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Results are expected in a week, according to a joint statement from the Philippines’ Department of Agriculture and Department of Health.A 1-week ban on the sale and transport of poultry within a 3-km radius of the affected farm has been imposed by the Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI), according to a story in the Manila Times. BAI Director Jose Molina indicated that surveillance has intensified and that birds at all farms in nearby areas are being tested.Reuters news service reported that the Department of Agriculture said the affected flocks would be destroyed. Secretary Yap later added that this would be done only after the test results from Australia are avaialable.The private sector in the Philippines has voluntarily suspended poultry shipments to Japan, says the Times article. Although poultry export is not a big industry in the Philippines, the country’s shipments to Japan have soared recently because of the latter country’s ban on poultry imports from Thailand after avian flu was discovered there.The World Health Organization has been “unofficially” notified of the situation but has made no comment, according to Reuters news service.The source of the avian flu remains to be determined, although the vast Candaba Swamp near the affected farm is visited by migratory birds from other parts of Asia.
FDA questions and answers on ACAM2000http://www.fda.gov/BiologicsBloodVaccines/Vaccines/QuestionsaboutVaccines/ucm078041.htm Both ACAM2000 and Dryvax use live vaccinia virus, a close relative of smallpox. The new vaccine is derived from Dryvax, which was used in the global smallpox eradication program. The newer vaccine is grown in lab cultures of African green monkey kidney (Vero) cells, according to a DoD comparison chart. The Department of Defense (DoD) announced last week that it was beginning the change from Dryvax, made by Wyeth, to ACAM2000, which is made by Acambis and was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) last August. The ACAM2000 doses will come from the Strategic National Stockpile of medical supplies, according to DoD. When the FDA approved the vaccine, Acambis reported it had already shipped 192.5 million doses to the Department of Health and Human Services for the stockpile. One difference between the new and old vaccines is in how they are administered. The “scarification” technique used for both vaccines involves multiple pricks with a bifurcated needle. For a first-time vaccination, ACAM2000 requires 15 jabs, versus only three jabs for Dryvax, according to DoD literature. (For those who have been vaccinated before, 15 jabs are recommended with both vaccines.) Smallpox was eradicated in the 1970s; the vaccination program is predicated on the fear that terrorists could get their hands on smallpox virus stocks left over from the Soviet Union’s biological weapons program or from other sources. Known stockpiles of the virus are stored for research in one lab in the United States and one in Russia. Feb 8, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – After vaccinating more than a million personnel with the old-fashioned type of smallpox vaccine grown on the skin of calves, the US military is about to switch to a second-generation vaccine that’s grown in laboratory cell cultures. When the FDA approved ACAM2000 last year, Jesse L. Goodman. MD, MPH, director of the FDA’s Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, said, “The vaccine is manufactured using modern cell culture technology allowing rapid and large-scale production of a vaccine with consistent product quality.” Subsequently, Wyeth announced plans to withdraw Dryvax from licensure, according to the DoD memo. Another difference is that ACAM2000 has a shorter shelf life after it is reconstituted by mixing with a special solution—30 days versus 90 days. “Therefore clinics must be diligent in utilization to minimize vaccine loss,” says the memo from Loftus. Editor’s note: This story was revised Feb 11 to include some additional information provided by the Department of Defense. DoD memo about transition to ACAM2000 Conducting a postmarketing controlled cohort study in a military population Sep 4, 2007, CIDRAP News story “FDA approves Acambis smallpox vaccine” Conducting an enhanced surveillance program for symptomatic cases of myocarditis and pericardits in vaccinees See also: Inflammation of the heart muscle and lining (myopericarditis) occurs in about 1 in 175 first-time smallpox vaccine recipients, according to the FDA. A DoD safety summary says 140 cases had occurred in the military vaccination program as of last May. Smallpox vaccination can also cause several other serious adverse reactions in rare cases, including localized or systemic spread of the vaccinia virus (eczema vaccinatum) and encephalitis. In six clinical studies, ACAM2000 and Dryvax were found to have comparable safety profiles, according to DoD. The most common side effects of ACAM2000 are itching, swollen lymph nodes, sore arm, fever, headache, body aches, mild rash, and fatigue. There was no significant difference in the rate of serious adverse events. http://www.smallpox.mil/documents/1133Transition_to_ACAM2000_policy.pdf As a condition of licensing ACAM2000, the FDA said every person getting vaccinated must receive a medication guide developed by Acambis. ACAM2000 is the first vaccine to have such a requirement. Air Force Maj. Gen. Thomas J. Loftus announced the change in a Jan 31 memo. “All Dryvax vials will expire on 29 February 2008 and logistics personnel will be required to destroy all unused vaccine,” he wrote. DoD began administering the new vaccine on Feb 1, according to Cynthia Smith, a DoD spokeswoman in Washington. DoD’s ACAM2000 sitehttp://www.smallpox.mil/education/acam2000.asp Examining how effectively DoD follows its own procedures for identifying people who may be at risk for serious adverse reactions to the vaccine Establishing a myocarditis registry Vaccine comparison charthttp://www.smallpox.mil/documents/1126DRYVAX_ACAM2000_comparison.pdf Smith said DoD will continue its ongoing surveillance for adverse reactions in those who receive smallpox shots. In addition, the FDA is requiring Acambis to take several specific steps to monitor the vaccine’s safety, she said. These include: Since late 2002, DoD has vaccinated more than 1.4 million military and contractor personnel, Smith told CIDRAP News. The shots are mostly for people bound for areas where smallpox attacks are deemed possible—mainly the Middle East. Currently the department gives about 15,000 smallpox vaccinations per month, Smith reported. CIDRAP smallpox overviewhttp://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidrap/content/bt/smallpox/biofacts/index.html
John Mikel Obi is set to move to Galatasaray and says he is confident that the Turkish side will agree a deal with Chelsea over a transfer fee.The Nigerian midfielder asked former Blues striker Didier Drogba for advice about moving to the club.Mikel says he has spent a long time at Chelsea and is looking forward to life in Istanbul.‘I’m very pleased with Galatasaray’s offer,’ Mikel told Sabah, a daily Turkish newspaper‘I asked Drogba for advice and he told me that Istanbul is a fantastic city, that Galatasaray is a huge club and that I have to make the move.‘I have played at Chelsea for a long time and it’s now time for me to leave.‘I’m still only 26 and it’s great to receive an offer from a club (Galatasaray) playing Champions League football and doing well in the competition.’He continued: ‘Talks have reached an advanced level between Chelsea and Galatasaray. Chelsea won’t make the move difficult and regarding my salary there won’t be a problem. ‘All that is left is for the clubs to reach an agreement.’Mikel was a player who split opinions among fans – some hailed him for his defensive aptitude and performances in big games while others chastised him for his lack of attacking nous.Jose Mourinho signed him in 2006 after a protracted transfer saga which saw him on the brink of a move to Manchester United – it even progressed to the point he was pictured in their shirt at a press conference.FIFA ordered he move back to his side Lyn Oslo while the matter was resolved – but instead of letting the world football governing body settle the dispute, Chelsea decided to deal directly with United and the Norwegian side.They eventually settled on a £16million fee – £12m to United and £4m to Lyn.Signed as an attacking midfielder but thrown into Chelsea’s first-team at the age of 19 by Mourinho, Mikel has matured in a defensive role in the seven years since.Arguably his greatest performance came in the 2012 Champions League final which saw Chelsea beat Bayern Munich in the Allianz Arena.During his time at Chelsea he won the Premier League, the FA Cup four times, the League Cup, the Europa League and the Champions League. R