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Antibody clues to AIDS vaccine success

first_img 13 Views   no discussions Share Sharing is caring! Share Tweetcenter_img A researcher at the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative laboratory works on samples at the lab in 2010 in New York. The success of an AIDS vaccine trial that in 2009 was shown to protect 31 percent of people studied may have been due to varying levels of antibody responses in the patients, researchers said Thursday. (AFP Photo/Chris Hondros)The success of an AIDS vaccine trial that in 2009 was shown to protect 31 percent of people studied may have been due to varying levels of antibody responses in the patients, researchers said Thursday.Different types of antibody responses were associated with who became infected and who did not, according to an analysis of the results published in the April 5 edition of the New England Journal of Medicine.For instance, a type of antibody produced by the body to ward off infection, known as IgG, could attach itself to the surface of the HIV protein and appeared to help prevent infection in some people.People received the vaccine and whose IgG antibodies were able to bind to this region, called V1V2, showed lower infection rates than the placebo group.On the other hand, patients whose blood tests showed the highest levels of a different antibody, IgA, appeared to have less protection against HIV than people with lower levels, leading scientists to think it may have actually interfered with the vaccine and made it less effective.“This analysis has produced some intriguing hints about what types of human immune responses a preventive HIV vaccine may need to induce,” said National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) director Anthony Fauci.“With further exploration, this new knowledge may bring us a step closer to developing a broadly protective HIV vaccine,” said Fauci, whose NIAID co-funded the research along with the US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.The latest analysis could help inform future vaccine trials by creating more effective vaccines and possibly figuring out how to make variations that work best in different patients.“Different HIV vaccines may protect against HIV in different ways,” said co-author Nelson Michael, Military HIV Research Program director at Walter Reed Army Institute of Research.“More research is needed to fully understand these results, and to determine if they can be generalized to other types of HIV vaccines or similar vaccines tested against other regional types of HIV or via different routes of exposure.”The trial data, based on results from 16,395 HIV-negative volunteers in Thailand and first published in 2009, was viewed as a pioneering achievement even though it provided only a partial shield against HIV.A vaccine would have to offer 50 percent protection in order to be offered to the public.AIDS has claimed more than 25 million lives since 1981 and left more than 30 million people infected.YAHOO News HealthLifestyle Antibody clues to AIDS vaccine success by: – April 5, 2012 Sharelast_img read more

Baković: BiH Council of Minister will decided whether Hadžić and Bičakčić will play for BiH or not

first_imgFootball player of Eintracht Braunschweig Ermin Bičakčić and football player of Ried Anel Hadžić could soon play for BiH national team.With the help of Football Federation of BiH, they’ve collected all the necessary documents to change citizenship, so it is now up to BiH Council of Ministers.General Secretary of Football Federation of BiH Jasmin Baković said that it is in everyone interest to finish this job as quickly as possible.Baković added that he hopes that BiH Council of Ministers will give positive decision so that Bičakčić and Hadžić would start to play for BiH team.last_img read more