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The diet of toothfish species Dissostichus eleginoides and Dissostichus mawsoni with overlapping distributions

first_imgThe diets of Antarctic toothfish Dissostichus mawsoni and Patagonian toothfish Dissostichus eleginoides were examined around the South Sandwich Islands in the Southern Ocean, one of few regions with overlapping populations of the two species. Despite large differences in the proportion of stomachs containing prey (76.2% of D. mawsoni compared to 7.2% of D. eleginoides), diet composition was broadly similar (Schoener overlap index of 74.4% based on prey mass) with finfishes (particularly macrourids and muraenolepidids) and cephalopods (mainly Kondakovia longimana) comprising > 90% of the prey mass of both species. Predation rates of the main fish prey, as mean counts per stomach sampled, were spatially correlated with their relative abundance around the islands derived from fishery by-catch data, suggesting a general lack of prey selectivity. This study supports the view that bathyal Dissostichus are opportunistic carnivores and finds that D. mawsoni and D. eleginoides occupy a similar trophic niche and are likely to compete for prey in regions where both are distributed. The large increase in rate of prey occurrence and size of prey in D. mawsoni stomachs relative to D. eleginoides suggests, however, species differences in feeding behaviour, which may reflect the increased metabolic demands of a cold-water adapted physiology. [Correction added after online publication 13 June 2011: spelling of species name corrected] (C) 2011 The Authors Journal of Fish Biology (C) 2011 The Fisheries Society of the British Isleslast_img read more

Long term variability in the diet and reproductive performance of penguins at Bird Island, South Georgia

first_imgInter-annual variability in diet during crèche (December to February) over 22 years (1989–2010) was examined for gentoo penguins Pygoscelis papua breeding at Bird Island, South Georgia (54°00′S, 38°03′W). Overall, diets comprised 51% crustaceans and 49% fish by mass. Crustaceans were present in 89% of samples and were the main prey (>50% by mass) in 10 years of the study. Antarctic krill Euphausia superba were present in 85% of all diet samples. Fish were present in 79% of samples and were the main prey in 12 years, with Champsocephalus gunnari and Lepidonotothen larseni the most frequently recorded species, in 51 and 33% of samples, respectively. The energy or mass of krill in the diet was the most reliable predictor of breeding success (the number of chicks fledged per breeding pair); the correlation between model-predicted and observed values was 0.58. We compared annual patterns of gentoo penguin diet variability with those of macaroni penguins Eudyptes chrysolophus breeding at the same location. Our results suggest that the availability of krill is a key source of diet variability for both species, but their diets indicate that gentoo penguins are generalist predators (feeding on pelagic and bentho-pelagic prey), while macaroni penguins are krill specialists (feeding on pelagic prey). Differences in the response to variability in key prey species is an important factor separating the ecological niches of these two sympatric krill predators.last_img read more

Wetherspoon expansion offers promise for bakers

first_imgBakery suppliers to JD Wetherspoon are looking forward to a surge in orders after the pub chain announced it will open 250 pubs over the next five years, taking its total number of outlets in the UK to nearly 1,000.Wetherspoon plans to invest £250m and create 10,000 jobs in the expansion, which will lead to increased orders for muffins, brownies, ciabattas, paninis and baguettes. “Food is a massive part of the Wetherspoon offer, worth £260m a year. Increasing the estate by a third will increase food sales by the same amount,” said a spokesman. “The bakery side of things is a big market for us.”Wetherspoon sells around 18,000 muffins a week, 26,000 paninis and 25,000 ciabattas or baguettes. Total annual sales of these three bakery categories is estimated to be at least £9.5m.Bakehouse, which supplies Wetherspoon with stone-baked ciabattas and multigrain baguettes for its sandwiches, has seen sales with the chain increase by 30% this year, according to Nicky Cracknell, national account controller for foodservice. “Both breads have performed really well and have been extended into seasonal and limited-edition products, such as a meatball marinara ciabatta and traditional ploughman’s,” said Cracknell. “The news that Wetherspoon is expanding means things certainly look healthy for the future. We are currently working on another bread line for them, as well as developing their offer in airport locations.”Wetherspoon is holding a strategic meeting with all its suppliers this week to discuss its purchasing strategy and future growth plans.The group’s new pubs will be located across the UK, inclu-ding sites in Sheffield, Livingston, Leominster, Otley, New Malden, Liverpool, Haverfordwest and Newcastle.last_img read more

Exclusive Videos: Watch Highlights From Summer Camp Music Festival

first_imgPortland’s quirky sisters Katelyn and Laurie along with their band, Shook Twins, delighted the audience with their effortlessly charming music, including the song “Rose,” about a chicken.Shook Twins “Rose”Rising Appalachia made their Summer Camp debut this year and wowed the crowd with a stellar rendition of the title track for their latest album, Wider Circles.Rising Appalachia “Wider Circles”moe. got loose as a goose for their special set in the VIP tent on Friday night and delighted their diehard fans with stripped down versions of classics like “Not Coming Down,” (Which also featured several ‘Kashmir’ teases) “Wormwood” and “Okay Alright.”moe. “Not Coming Down>Wormwood>Okay Alright” Mike Dillon brought a mad cadre of percussion players of all shapes and sizes to the late night closing set at Summer Camp’s Campfire stage. helping him out through the windy and rain soaked set was moe.’s Jim Loughlin, who faced off with Dillon for some fun and fireworks!Mike Dillon’s New Orleans Punk Rock Percussion Consortium The 2016 edition of the Summer Camp Music Festival has once again come and gone, leaving a musical trail of havoc and harmony on the collective psyches of all in attendance. We’ve been covering this amazing event from every angle, with a written review, daily photo updates and video highlights of special moments. Our videographer Rex Thomson has been dying to share some of his footage from the festival, so we’ve compiled some of his best videos from the first two days of music!Headlining the Thursday pre-party, Greensky Bluegrass drew nearly every soul in the place to their kick off set, and earned deafening cheers with  fiery performances from the whole band, particularly Paul Hoffman and Anders Beck on a a blistering “Burn Them.”Greensky Bluegrass “Burn Them”Occasional all-star band Van Ghost made their annual appearance on the stages of Summer Camp, as Michael Harrison Berg was joined by Jennifer Hartswick of the TAB, Nick Cassarino of The Nth Power and Chris Gelbuda for an acoustic take on their catalog, including this rendition of “Domino Effect.”Van Ghost with Nick Cassarino “Domino Effect”The Nth Power brought their healing music to the main stage last Friday! Jam out to “Right Now” from their first full length release, Abundance.The Nth Power “Right Now”Brooklyn’s modern day blues band The Dirty Birds and their front woman Sister Sparrow delivered a high energy blast of their most well loved tunes, including this wired version of “We Need A Love.”Sister Sparrow & The Dirty Birds “We Need A Love”The Ragbirds made their joyful return to Summer Camp after missing the previous year. Watch as they play the silly “Cosmos” from their new album for their fans in the rain.The Ragbirds “Cosmos”last_img read more

Joe Russo’s Almost Dead Wraps Capitol Theatre Run With Early-Dead Favorites, Special Guest Sit-In [Photos/Videos/Audio]

first_imgLoad remaining images Joe Russo’s Almost Dead was back at the Capitol Theatre in Port Chester, New York on Sunday for the final show of their three-night run at the historic concert venue. The band treated fans who braved the bone-chilling temperatures outside in continuing their tradition from Friday and Saturday nights, by welcoming a special guest to the stage, in addition to diving deep into the early catalogue for some primal Dead cuts with one more Sunday night in Port Chester.The show began with the band wasting no time in tearing into the groovy flow of “Althea”, with Tom Hamilton on vocals. Scott Metzger continued getting everyone warmed up with a first set Bob Weir cowboy tune for the third consecutive night, courtesy of his lively rendition of John Phillips‘ “Me & My Uncle”, which featured a blistering organ solo courtesy of Marco Benevento. Next came the classic combination of “China Cat Sunflower” and “I Know You Rider”, with the band and audience unleashing waves of nearly-uncontrollable energy by the time the latter half of the transition began. They continued in tearing into “Cream Puff War”, the Dead’s counterculture-era anthem from their 1967 debut, followed by “Let It Grow” to end the first set.Joe Russo’s Almost Dead – Set One Opener – 1/20/2019[Video: Relix]The band returned to the stage to start the second half of the show with “Here Comes Sunshine”, a track from 1973’s Wake of the Flood, followed by a 15-minute, gradually-climactic “Playing in the Band”. They then returned to the Wake of the Flood tracklisting for a 20-minute, energizing rendition of “Eyes Of the World”. The band’s dance party continued into a loose and colorful performance of “Dancin’ In the Streets”, only to bring the audience back down to earth with “He’s Gone”. The energy didn’t stay down for long however, as the room’s decibel level charged right back up for “Sugar Magnolia” into “Sunshine Daydream” combo, followed by a brief instrumental version of “We Big You Goodnight”.Joe Russo’s Almost Dead – Set Two Opener – 1/20/2019[Video: Relix]Just as they’d done during the encore on the first two night’s of their Capitol Theatre run, the band returned to the stage alongside the show’s opener, who on Sunday was guitarist/singer, Chris Harford. Just as they’d done at LOCKN’ last summer, Harford helped JRAD perform a pair of Neil Young covers, which on this night featured “Words (Between the Lines of Age)” and “Everybody Knows This Is Nowhere”. Fans can tune into the show’s audio below to hear the thrilling encore, as well as the entire performance from Sunday.Joe Russo’s Almost Dead – Full Show Audio – 1/20/2019[Audio: nico11104]Sunday night’s performance marked the end of a big first weekend to start what should be another huge year of growth for Joe Russo and the boys. The band will pick things up again next month with their next performance scheduled for February 14th at the Tabernacle Atlanta in Atlanta, Georgia. Fans can click here for tickets to shows on their 2019 tour schedule.Setlist: Joe Russo’s Almost Dead | Capitol Theatre | Port Chester, NY | 1/20/2019Set One: Althea (Grateful Dead cover), Me & My Uncle (The Mamas and the Papas cover) > China Cat Sunflower (Grateful Dead cover) > I Know You Rider (traditional blues cover) > Cream Puff War (Grateful Dead cover) > Let It Grow (Grateful Dead cover)Set Two: Here Comes Sunshine (Grateful Dead cover) > Playin’ In the Band (Bob Weir cover) > Eyes Of the World (Grateful Dead cover) > Dancin’ In the Streets (Martha Reeves and The Vandellas cover) > He’s Gone (Grateful Dead cover) > Sugar Magnolia (Grateful Dead cover) > Sunshine Daydream (Grateful Dead cover) > We Bid You Goodnight** (traditional)Encore: Words (Between the Lines of Age)* (Neil Young cover), Everybody Knows This Is Nowhere* (Neil Young cover)*with Chris Harford** Instrumental Onlylast_img read more

Introducing the counterintuitive CIO

first_imgTen years ago, an IT journalist asked Paul Coby, then CIO of British Airways and about to embark on a massive overhaul of the airline’s core IT systems, what his plans were. Coby’s response was brief: “Understand the process and simplify it.  Complexity will kill you.”The work he undertook did not just generate operational IT savings of 40% and improve technology functionality, quality and integration across the business. It transformed ba.com and, in doing so, changed the way Europeans travel by air.It can be easy for CIOs, increasingly part of the core leadership team, to get drawn into commercial priorities that include business growth, competition and the disruptive impact of changing customer behaviour. With their focus on the role of technology as an enabler of customer experience, mobility and collaboration, growing numbers say they would prefer to delegate operational IT.This is the paradox at the heart of IT.  On the one hand CIOs want and need to spend more time adding strategic value and less time managing the IT infrastructure; on the other hand a well-managed IT infrastructure is vital for current and future business success.The world is changing, and the next few years will see it change further and faster.  Boundaries are blurring: between sectors and between economies; between the real and the virtual; between different digital channels and devices; and even between ‘things’.  The world is a computer now and everyone and everything moves around within it, generating clouds of data that can be captured, processed, analysed and stored.Whether you’re in the business of rubber bands or robotics, these changes will impact the way you innovate, manufacture, sell, engage with customers and compete.  They also have far-reaching implications for your IT infrastructure.To continue the airline example, we can examine the rise of Low-Cost Carriers (LCCs) here in Asia, which focused on online-first sales models to great effect. AirAsia’s co-founder Tony Fernandes recently stated that AirAsia was an “internet company”, and this really comes as no-surprise, given that LCCs here depend on robust online booking systems that give customers a wide range of choices in terms of both flight timings as well as ancillary goods and services such as in-flight meals and Wi-Fi. It follows that their IT systems have had to be much more flexible and complex as a result.Many firms have over time ended up with complex and disconnected IT systems, where more than half (57 per cent) of the IT budget is spent just keeping the lights on. But such complexity slows down innovation, reduces productivity, uses up valuable IT expertise and leaves an organisation poorly prepared for the kind of responsive, agile, integrated and creative IT they need to succeed.One way of addressing this could be to replace siloed IT systems with a streamlined converged infrastructure. An integrated offering that brings together the company’s disparate compute, storage and network technologies to take charge of the IT infrastructure in a way that makes best use of the available resources and capacity.The business imperative for such integrated IT systems is not hard to find.  One example is the need to better connect with customers.In its technology predictions for 2020, industry analyst Forrester highlights the spectrum of customer-focused activities that are now dependent on integrated IT.  This includes innovative, customer-centric, contextual services, underpinned by connectivity solutions that can reach customers in ever more ways across ever more devices. These services and solutions demand advanced analytics as well as software acceleration platforms and tools that ideally allow for a ‘let’s try this’ approach to development and support the rapid deployment of new services and applications.All of this will stand or fall on the quality of the enabling infrastructure.  Forrester predicts that for a growing numbers of firms this will be an agile, powerful and converged IT infrastructure.  The best of these will use advanced capabilities such as virtualization, software-defined technologies and the cloud for maximum operational efficiency and flexibility.According to a sponsored IDC paper on leveraging convergence for business agility, such converged IT systems are already delivering proven benefits. These include a four-fold increase in speed to market for new products and services, around a five-fold increase in the number of applications that can be developed and delivered to the business, IT costs saving of a third and a 41% reduction in maintenance and service time – freeing up IT expertise for value-added strategic initiatives and innovation.In the light of all this it is hardly surprising that the adoption of converged systems is growing.  IDC estimates that in 2015 around one in every $10 spent on IT infrastructure will be invested in integrated systems, rising to one in every $6 by 2018.  For many firms, when it comes to their IT infrastructure, the future is already here.The fact is that the world is changing and IT needs to change with it, because what got us here won’t get us there.  A good place to start is with the cocoon of operational complexity IT departments have built up around themselves. It is time to shed the weight and reclaim simplicity, the world is complicated enough as it is.This post originally appeared on Information Age, sourced from Nigel Moulton, CTO EMEA, VCElast_img read more

Cybersecurity 101 for Small and Medium-sized Businesses

first_imgOrganizations of all sizes are at risk for a cyber-attack – not just highly regulated industries and major corporations – but small to medium-sized businesses (SMBs) as well. In honor of National Cyber Security Awareness Month, the Dell Women’s Entrepreneur Network recently hosted a webinar regarding today’s cybersecurity landscape and what entrepreneurs and SMBs need to know.Erik Day, vice president and general manager of Small Business Sales at Dell, recently caught up with Brett Hansen, vice president of endpoint data security and management at Dell, for a deeper dive on the top cybersecurity risks for SMBs and how they can keep themselves and their businesses protected.Erik Day (ED): Who is at risk for cyber-attacks today?Brett Hansen (BH): I don’t want to be an alarmist, but the short answer is that everyone is at risk today and the problem is not getting better. In 2015, an estimated $455 billion was lost to cyber theft and that number is sure to grow in 2016. While we’ve seen a lot of press coverage of major government and corporate breaches, but what hasn’t been covered consistently is that the problem is actually becoming more pervasive and effecting more people – not just the big names.Many entrepreneurs and SMBs think they may be too small to matter or become a target, but 70% of all attacks globally are not focused on government or major corporations, they are focused on businesses with under 5,000 employees. Sadly, 60% of all small businesses that experience a significant breach will go out of business within six months after the attack.ED: What are attackers going after and how are they doing it?BH: The ecosystem of attacks is vast and it continues to grow and evolve daily. Currently there are 400,000 new malware attacks created every day and 7 million discrete phishing attacks launched each week. Right now we’re seeing a shift in what attackers are looking to accomplish. A decade ago, hackers focused on data theft and destruction of operations. Today, for profit actors are moving to direct attacks, focusing on extracting money right from the source rather than stealing information and then selling it. Ransomware is the most widely used form of this attack – there are 4,000 ransomware events every day according to the Department of Justice.To break it down, ransomware works in three main stages: infection, encryption, and resolution. If an end-user opens an attachment or clicks on a link in a phishing email, their device becomes infected. Once infected, ransomware scans the device for files and, potentially, scans the broader network the device is connected to, encrypting data in network storage or on any linked device. Once it has embedded itself and encrypted data, the end-user will receive a message asking for money, usually in the form of Bitcoin, to release the data. If and when attackers are paid, they will deliver digital keys to unencrypt the data.Unfortunately, it may not end there. Sometimes attackers will infect a user’s device with spyware during the resolution stage or the decryption key will only unlock some data, but not all.ED: What are the steps small businesses should take to ensure they are safe?BH: It is important to reduce vulnerabilities so you are more difficult to attack. While there is no silver bullet for cybersecurity and no one is impenetrable, there are some very practical steps you can take to make yourself and your business safer:Have a plan: A good cybersecurity strategy will align to your business strategy. Consider how employees are accessing data and which parts of your business contain data that is the most valuable, then develop and document a plan of action if you are breached. Make sure your extended team is involved in the documentation and review process, so everyone is familiar with it.Become informed: Cybersecurity is an incredibly complicated topic with many different elements at play and half the battle of staying protected is staying informed. The National Cyber Security Alliance is focused on smaller businesses (~250 employees) and a great place to start. NIST Cybersecurity Framework is also an excellent resource. Allocate a few hours each week and spend time to stay up to date on cybersecurity issues because things change rapidly in this market.Educate and motivate users: 95% of all data breaches originate at the softest part of a business’s security infrastructure: the endpoint or, your people. This is why making sure your employees are educated about security threats is vital. Furthermore, it is important to make cybersecurity education an ongoing priority, not a once a year meeting led by IT. Be sure to make it practical, utilizing examples and information that will resonate with your employees.Focus on the data: We get caught up talking about protecting devices, but the device is just the container. Attackers care about what is in the container, not the container itself. The conversation should be about how to protect data, not devices. It is critical to regularly back-up data and utilize data-centric encryption, which is the preferred method for encrypting data as it moves across devices and the network.Take action to protect endpoints: Popular malware protection and antivirus software that many people currently use was created years ago when the number of malware samples globally was exponentially less than it is today, and far less sophisticated. As such, traditional antivirus doesn’t protect you against the multitude of attacks today and should be supplemented with more robust solutions that offer a broader set of security capabilities. Dell offers best-of-breed technology in endpoint and data security to protect data wherever it travels.ED: What do you think is the most important information SMBs should understand about cybersecurity today?BH: SMBs should never assume they are too small to be at risk. The sheer volume of attacks happening today means that everyone is at risk. It is key to build a cybersecurity plan that best addresses the needs of your business and considers not just your data, but the data of your customers and partners as well. It is also critical to consistently educate your employees on cybersecurity issues and best practices, as they are the weakest link in the security chain! Educate them often and drive accountability to make sure all of your data stays safe.There is no one single technology that will solve all of your cybersecurity problems. You would never rely on an antiquated home security system to protect your family, so you shouldn’t rely on an antiquated cybersecurity solution to protect your data. Collaboration is key in today’s workforce, which means data is on the move and you have to protect it wherever it goes. Deploying solutions that incorporate advanced threat protection will help defend against attacks and prevent infections.***If you have more questions on what you can be doing to prevent cybersecurity at your business, ask your Dell representative to connect you with a security expert. If you do not have a Dell representative, please visit http://dellsecurity.dell.com/ for more information about Dell’s Endpoint Data Security and Management solutions.last_img read more

Man Arrested After Allegedly Assaulting A Woman In Jamestown

first_imgShare:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) JAMESTOWN – A Jamestown man sits in county jail after allegedly assaulting a woman in front of children over the weekend.Jamestown Police say 29-year-old Blake Bird was arrested at an address on the city’s north side following a reported suspicious situation on Saturday night.Officers say through investigation it is alleged that Bird strangled the woman in front of several children.Police say the man was taken into custody later in the evening at another location in town. He is charged with second-degree strangulation, two counts of endangering the welfare of a child, fourth-degree criminal mischief and third-degree assault.Officers say he was remanded to Chautauqua County Jail.last_img read more

Comcast and One Economy “connect” with the Boys & Girls Club of Burlington

first_img 1: Pictured (left to right): Doug Guthrie, Senior Vice President, Comcast Western New England Region, Vermont Governor Jim Douglas,  David L. Cohen,  Executive Vice President, Comcast Corporation,  Mary Alice McKenzie, Executive Director of the Boys & Girls Club of Burlington, U.S. Senator Patrick Leahy, Karla Ballard, Vice President of Social Innovations for One Economy, and Pam Mackenzie, Area Vice President, Comcast Vermont. Comcast Cable,On Friday, June 4, Comcast and One Economy were joined by elected officials and community leaders at the Boys  & Girls Club of Burlington in Vermont to celebrate the launch of the Comcast Digital Connectors Program.  Burlington is the fifth city in the nation to roll out the digital literacy program, which teaches young adults about broadband technologies and how to put that knowledge to work and serve the local community.  Comcast s David Cohen was on hand to help celebrate the launch and various elected officials, including US Senator Patrick Leahy and Vermont Governor Jim Douglas also attended and showed their support.last_img read more

Dead Fish Piling Up on Long Island’s Shores Are a Warning Shot for Our County Execs

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York Long Island’s water quality crisis was on display in a very public way throughout the month of June, when tens of thousands of fish began washing ashore from Port Washington on the North Shore of Nassau County to the Peconic Bay on the East End of Suffolk.“Vast numbers of dead and dying fish were bobbing in the water and stretching to the opposite bank, like a silvery floating bridge,” as The New York Times described the carnage. “Carcasses were piled at the river’s edge and clumped in the marsh grass.”An estimated 300,000 to 400,000 bunker fish have died since the fish kills started, according to the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. The grim scene was compounded by the hot summer weather, with observers saying that the fish were “throwing themselves up on the boat ramp of the Riverhead Yacht Club in a desperate bid to get oxygen.”It was a gruesome display. But will it be enough to get policymakers to take serious action to protect LI’s waters?Suffolk County Executive Steve Bellone’s recent pitch for federal assistance was a good start. Although the county’s planning priorities have been imperfect, the current administration is shrewd, proving very capable at getting funding for their initiatives. If those efforts can be put to work for additional wastewater infrastructure in the Peconic watershed area and its environs, the region would be better off as a whole. The economic impact of the Island’s tourism and fishing industries is too significant to let it go fallow, while recreational usage of the coast affects the residents’ quality of life.To support Bellone’s pleas for funding, we need more effort from Nassau County Executive Ed Mangano as well as from state and local policymakers to collectively support improvements that will curb nitrogen contamination in the waters off LI and prevent future fish kills. While the proposed Bay Park Sewage Treatment Plant outfall pipe is much needed in Nassau, Mangano should go further. According to the Long Island Press: “The outfall pipe, which would redirect treated waste many miles into the Atlantic Ocean instead of being dumped in the vulnerable Western Bays, is needed in order for the new plant to meet the Environmental Protection Agency’s Clean Water regulatory standards. According to the governor’s office, the Bay Park plant currently treats about 50 million gallons of sewage a day, discharging the treated water into the back bay north of Long Beach.”The lack of a Bay Park outfall pipe and Suffolk’s nitrogen woes are one in the same. LI needs fiscal help addressing its water quality crisis, and it’s time both Nassau and Suffolk pushed hard together for action.In largely unsewered Suffolk, the front line of the war on nitrogen, policymakers must realize that pristine water quality cannot be won with sewers alone. Bellone would be wise to continue Suffolk’s widely praised historical efforts to preserve open space. In particular, the Pine Barrens Joint Planning and Policy Commission, the entity tasked with ensuring the integrity of the 100,000-acre preserve, should seek to find a renewed life under Suffolk County’s stewardship. The Pine Barrens Commission has faced many challenges regarding development pressures in the area, and strong leadership and representation from the county is needed in order to maintain protected nature of the “compatible growth” areas.Governmental actions such as the preservation of the Pine Barrens maximize the effectiveness of hard infrastructure solutions like sewers, and policymakers would be wise to put whatever funding is available towards both efforts. As the Pine Barrens act, which was passed in 1993 in order to protect the Island’s aquifer by preventing development in the pristine, geologically sensitive woodlands, ages, the institutional memory of its importance fades. The entire fragile preservation act hinges on the integrity of its zoning boundaries, and localities are not up to the task of continued preservation, despite their zoning powers. Suffolk must curb the towns’ addiction to variances and hold the line on the strict zoning that preserves the integrity of the region.What it comes down to is dollars and sense: what is the true environmental benefit of sewering versus preserving pricey tracts of open space? Compared to a mile of sewer pipe, it might be more cost effective to purchase additional large open space parcels for aquifer recharge. And, just as important, whose answer should guide policymakers’ hands and what is more beneficial to the environment in the long run?An important concern must also be addressed: Are the sewers purely for protecting the environment, or for promoting more growth? Philosophically, the sewer efforts should be focused on targeted areas where the environmental impact will be the greatest, not where additional development is desired but improper infrastructure in place is an obstacle. We must address our water quality issues, not create more of them.The fish kills were a tangible example of what will continue to happen if Long Island as a whole fails to protect the sole source aquifer system, and the surface waters that surround our region.Whether you live in Glen Cove or Mattituck, we all drink the same water. It’s time to start acting like it.Rich Murdocco writes about Long Island’s land use and real estate development issues. He received his Master’s in Public Policy at Stony Brook University, where he studied regional planning under Dr. Lee Koppelman, Long Island’s veteran master planner. Murdocco is a regular contributor to the Long Island Press. More of his views can be found on www.TheFoggiestIdea.org or follow him on Twitter @TheFoggiestIdea.last_img read more